Dr. Ted Traicus, Optometrist call us at 416 - 224-0103
Sight is a precious gift
DIABETES & THE EYES...Fact Sheet
· Diabetes is now a major health epidemic and the leading cause of disability in North America. 3 out of 10 people with the disease are undiagnosed. The most common chronic disease in school-aged children is diabetes.
· Although Type 2 may take longer to show damage in the eyes, both Type 1 and Type 2 are equally devastating if not properly controlled.
· Early signs of diabetes include: excess thirst and urination, losing weight without trying, double vision, and sudden blurred vision. Paradoxically, nearsighted people notice that they can suddenly see without their glasses.
· Main causes include: Type 1: genetic and autoimmune deficits Type 2: childhood obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diet high in saturated fats and low in fiber
· Conditions that can worsen the effects of diabetes: hypertension, cardiovascular disease, smoking, pregnancy. · Diabetic Retinopathy occurs in 40% of diabetics which can result in retinal bleeding, macular edema, retinal detachment with reduced vision, and possibly blindness.
· If bleeding or abnormal blood vessel growth occurs at the back of the eye, treatment may include: laser photocoagulation, ocular injections of abnormal blood vessel growth inhibitors (Anti-VEGF), anti-oxidants like Vitamin E and A to counter cellular oxidative stress, or steroids injections to reduce retinal inflammation.
· Cataracts, Glaucoma and Macular Degeneration (AMD) are more prevalent with diabetes.
· Diabetics are more susceptible to the damaging effects of U.V. sunlight and glare and therefore should protect their eyes with Polarized sunglasses, Transition photochromics, or clip-on sunglasses, as well as an anti-glare coating on their glasses.
· To help reduce ocular and systemic complications, diabetics should: adhere to their physicians treatment plan ( Insulin , Metformin) to control their hyperglycemia, adapt a regular exercise program , control body weight, protect their eyes from U.V. damage and get a retinal eye examination once a year with Dr. Traicus.